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电脑版网页微信小程序_vue效劳端烘托的实例代码

时间:2021-01-11 14:53来源:电脑版网页微信小程序 作者:jianzhan 点击:
vue服务端3D渲染的案例编码 顾客端恳求网络服务器,网络服务器依据恳求详细地址得到配对的部件,在启用配对到的部件回到Promise (官方网是asyncData方式)来将必须的数据信息取得
vue服务端渲染的实例代码       本篇文章主要介绍了vue服务端渲染的实例代码,小编觉得挺不错的,现在分享给大家,也给大家做个参考。一起跟随小编过来看看吧

客户端请求服务器,服务器根据请求地址获得匹配的组件,在调用匹配到的组件返回Promise (官方是asyncData方法)来将需要的数据拿到。最后再通过window.__initial_state=data将其写入网页,最后将服务端渲染好的网页返回回去。接下来客户端将用新的store状态把原来的store状态替换掉,保证客户端和服务端的数据同步。遇到没被服务端渲染的组件,再去发异步请求拿数据。

服务端渲染的环境搭建

这是vue官网的服务端渲染的示意图,ssr有两个入口文件,分别是客户端的入后文件和服务端的入口文件,webpack通过两个入口文件分别打包成给服务端用的server bundle和给客户端用的client bundle.当服务器接收到了来自客户端的请求之后,会创建一个渲染器bundleRenderer,这个bundleRenderer会读取上面生成的server bundle文件,并且执行它的代码, 然后发送一个生成好的html到浏览器,等到客户端加载了client bundle之后,会和服务端生成的DOM进行Hydration(判断这个DOM和自己即将生成的DOM是否相同,如果相同就将客户端的vue实例挂载到这个DOM上)

实现步骤:

1、创建vue实例(main.js)

importVuefrom'vue'
importAppfrom'./App.vue'
importiViewfrom'iview';
import{createStore}from'./store'
import{createRouter}from'./router'
import{sync}from'vuex-router-sync'
Vue.use(iView);
export functioncreateApp() {
conststore = createStore()
constrouter = createRouter()
sync(store,router)
constapp =newVue({
router,
store,
render: h = h(App)
return{app,router,store}

因为要做服务端渲染,所以这里不需要再用el去挂载,现将app、router、store导出

2、服务端入口文件(entry-server.js)

import{ createApp }from'./main'
constisDev = process.env.NODE_ENV !=='production'
const{ app,router,store } = createApp()
ponent){
letstores = []
ponent) {
ponent.asyncData !=='undefined') {
ponent.asyncData({store,route: router.currentRoute})) {
stores.push(a)
ponents !=='undefined') {
ponents){
ponents[c])
ponent)
returnstores
export defaultcontext = {
return newPromise((resolve,reject) = {
consts = isDev Date.now()
const{url} = context
constfullPath = router.resolve(url).route.fullPath
if(fullPath !== url) {
reject({url: fullPath })
router.push(url)
router.onReady(() = {
constmatchedComponents = router.getMatchedComponents()
if(!matchedComponents.length) {
reject({code:404})
letallAsyncData = getAllAsyncData(matchedComponents[0])
Promise.all(allAsyncData).then(() = {
isDev console.log(`data pre-fetch:${Date.now() - s}ms`)
context.state = store.state
resolve(app)
}).catch(reject)
},reject)

这个文件的主要工作是接受从服务端传递过来的context参数,context包含当前页面的url,用getMatchedComponents方法获取当前url下的组件,返回一个数组,遍历这个数组中的组件,如果组件有asyncData钩子函数,则传递store获取数据,最后返回一个promise对象。

store.state的作用是将服务端获取到的数据挂载到context对象上,后面在server.js文件里会把这些数据直接发送到浏览器端与客户端的vue实例进行数据(状态)同步。

3、客户端入口文件(entry-client.js)

importVuefrom'vue'
import'es6-promise/auto'
import{ createApp }from'./main'
importProgressBarfrom'./components/ProgressBar.vue'
// global progress bar
constbar = Vue.prototype.$bar =newVue(ProgressBar).$mount()
document.body.appendChild(bar.$el)
Vue.mixin({
beforeRouteUpdate(to,from,next) {
const{ asyncData } =this.$options
if(asyncData) {
Promise.all(asyncData({
store:this.$store,
route: to
})).then(next).catch(next)
}else{
next()
const{ app,router,store } = createApp()
if(window.__INITIAL_STATE__) {
store.replaceState(window.__INITIAL_STATE__)
router.onReady(() = {
router.beforeResolve((to,from,next) = {
constmatched = router.getMatchedComponents(to)
constprevMatched = router.getMatchedComponents(from)
letdiffed =false
constactivated = matched.filter((c,i) = {
returndiffed || (diffed = (prevMatched[i] !== c))
constasyncDataHooks = activated.map(c = c.asyncData).filter(_ = _)
if(!asyncDataHooks.length) {
returnnext()
bar.start()
Promise.all(asyncDataHooks.map(hook = hook({ store,route: to })))
.then(() = {
bar.finish()
next()
.catch(next)
app.$mount('#app')
if('htt凡科抠图:'=== location.protocol navigator.serviceWorker) {
navigator.serviceWorker.register('/service-worker.js')

这句的作用是如果服务端的vuex数据发生改变,就将客户端的数据替换掉,保证客户端和服务端的数据同步

Service Worker主要用于拦截并修改访问和资源请求,细粒度地缓存资源。它运行浏览器在后台,运行环境与普通页面脚本不同,所以不能直接参与页面交互。出于安全考虑,service worker只能运行在HTT凡科抠图上,防止被人从中攻击。

4、创建服务端渲染器(server.js)

constfs = require('fs')
constpath = require('path')
constLRU = require('lru-cache')
constexpress = require('express')
pression = require('compression')
constresolve= file = path.resolve(__dirname,file)
const{ createBundleRenderer } = require('vue-server-renderer')
constisProd = process.env.NODE_ENV ==='production'|| process.env.NODE_ENV ==='beta'
constuseMicroCache = process.env.MICRO_CACHE !=='false'
constserverInfo =
`express/${require('express/package.json').version}`+
`vue-server-renderer/${require('vue-server-renderer/package.json').version}`
constapp = express()
'),'utf-8')
functioncreateRenderer(bundle,options) {
returncreateBundleRenderer(bundle,Object.assign(options,{
template,
cache: LRU({
max:1000,
maxAge:1000*60*15
basedir: resolve('./dist'),
runInNewContext:false
letrenderer
letreadyPromise
if(isProd) {
constbundle = require('./dist/vue-ssr-server-bundle.json')
constclientManifest = require('./dist/vue-ssr-client-manifest.json')
renderer = createRenderer(bundle,{
clientManifest
}else{
readyPromise = require('./build/setup-dev-server')(app,(bundle,options) = {
renderer = createRenderer(bundle,options)
constserve= (path,cache) = express.static(resolve(path),{
maxAge: cache isProd 1000*60*60*24*30:0
pression({threshold:0}))
app.use('/dist',serve('./dist',true))
app.use('/static',serve('./static',true))
app.use('/service-worker.js',serve('./dist/service-worker.js'))
constmicroCache = LRU({
max:100,
maxAge:1000
constisCacheable= req = useMicroCache
functionrender(req,res) {
consts = Date.now()
res.setHeader("Content-Type","text/html")
res.setHeader("Server",serverInfo)
consthandleError= err = {
if(err.url) {
res.redirect(err.url)
}else if(err.code ===404) {
res.status(404).end('404 | Page Not Found')
}else{
// Render Error Page or Redirect
res.status(500).end('500 | Internal Server Error')
console.error(`error during render :${req.url}`)
console.error(err.stack)
constcacheable = isCacheable(req)
if(cacheable) {
consthit = microCache.get(req.url)
if(hit) {
if(!isProd) {
console.log(`cache hit!`)
returnres.end(hit)
constcontext = {
title:'Vue DB',// default title
url: req.url
renderer.renderToString(context,(err,html) = {
if(err) {
returnhandleError(err)
res.end(html)
if(cacheable) {
microCache.set(req.url,html)
if(!isProd) {
console.log(`whole request:${Date.now() - s}ms`)
app.get('*',isProd render : (req,res) = {
readyPromise.then(() = render(req,res))
constport = process.env.PORT ||8888
app.listen(port,() = {
console.log(`server started at localhost:${port}`)

5、客户端api文件create-api-client.js

 * Created by lin on 2017/8/25.
import axios from 'axios';
let api;
axios.defaults.baseURL = process.env.API_URL;
axios.defaults.timeout = 10000;
axios.interceptors.response.use((res) = {
 if (res.status = 200 res.status 300) {
 return res;
 return Promise.reject(res);
}, (error) = {
 return Promise.reject({message: '网络异常,请刷新重试', err: error});
if (process.__API__) {
 api = process.__API__;
} else {
 api = {
 get: function(url) {
 return new Promise((resolve, reject) = {
 axios.get(url).then(res = {
 resolve(res);
 }).catch((error) = {
 reject(error);
 post: function(target, options = {}) {
 return new Promise((resolve, reject) = {
 axios.post(target, options).then(res = {
 resolve(res);
 }).catch((error) = {
 reject(error);
export default api;

6、服务端api文件create-api-server.js

 * Created by lin on 2017/8/25.
import axios from 'axios';
let cook = process.__COOKIE__ || '';
let api;
axios.defaults.baseURL = 'v2/';
axios.defaults.timeout = 10000;
axios.interceptors.response.use((res) = {
 if (res.status = 200 res.status 300) {
 return Promise.resolve(res);
 return Promise.reject(res);
}, (error) = {
 // 网络异常
 return Promise.reject({message: '网络异常,请刷新重试', err: error, type: 1});
if (process.__API__) {
 api = process.__API__;
} else {
 api = {
 get: function(target) {
 return new Promise((resolve, reject) = {
 axios.request({
 url: encodeURI(target),
 method: 'get',
 headers: {
 'Cookie': cook
 }).then(res = {
 resolve(res);
 }).catch((error) = {
 reject(error);
 post: function(target, options = {}) {
 return new Promise((resolve, reject) = {
 axios.request({
 url: target,
 method: 'post',
 headers: {
 'Cookie': cook
 params: options
 }).then(res = {
 resolve(res);
 }).catch((error) = {
 reject(error);
export default api;

六、那些年遇到的那些坑

问题1、window is not defined

答案1:给用到浏览器对象的地方加if (typeof window !== 'undefined') {},有一些插件里也用到了浏览器对象,在使用的地方也加一个条件判断:

if (typeofwindow !== 'undefined') {
Vue.use(VueAnalytics, {
id: process.env.UA_TRACKING_ID,
router
}

问题2:用到非Vue系列的插件,如hello.all.js(三方登录的插件),需要用的地方才引用,报的错和问题1一样。

答案2:这个时候不能再用import导入,需要使用require,

let hello

if (typeof window !== 'undefined') {
hello = require('hello')
}

问题3:引用bootstrap

答案3:将bootstrap.css和bootstrap.js加入webpack.base.config.js的entry中的vendor中

问题6:bootstap需要jquery,此时把jQuery加在vendor中没用。

答案6:给webpack.base.config.js的plugins添加一个插件,如:

newwebpack.ProvidePlugin({
$ : "jquery",
jQuery : "jquery",
"window.jQuery" :"jquery"
})

七、例子

这是一个服务端渲的例子

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持凡科。


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